Apo-A-1 Apolipoprotein A-I, which is the major protein component of high density lipoprotein (HDL) in plasma. The encoded preproprotein is proteolytically processed to generate the mature protein, which promotes cholesterol efflux from tissues to the liver for excretion, and is a cofactor for lecithin cholesterolacyltransferase (LCAT), an enzyme responsible for the formation of most plasma cholesteryl esters.
Apo B This represents a better measure of the lipoproteins in your blood that you need to keep in check. High levels can lead to plaque that causes heart disease. Apo B helps to unlock the doors to cells and carries cholesterol to them.
HDL-P This represents the actual number of HDL (good) particles in the blood.
HDL2-C Is associated with better health. Some studies have shown it to increase with exercise. One of the important functions of HDL is to transport cholesterol from the cells and tissue back to the liver. High HDL-cholesterol is good as it takes cholesterol out of cells and the blood and helps to prevent excess cholesterol. HDL also removes cholesterol deposited in the walls of blood vessels.
LDL-P This (LDL particle number) measures the actual number of LDL particles (particle concentration, nmol/L). It appears that LDL-P may be a stronger predictor of cardiovascular events than LDL-C. Low LDL-P is a much stronger predictor of low risk than low LDL-C. In fact, about 30 – 40% of those with low LDL-C may have elevated LDL-P.
Lp(a) Mass It is the worst form of LDL and is an inherited trait that can increase risk of heart disease and stroke.
sdLDL-C Small dense, low density lipoproteins are more likely to damage your artery wall as they can enter more easily than the larger particles.